More than 40 endemic species of plant-eating flies were recorded in West Africa, among whom 3 containing bactrocera invadens identified in 2005 from East Africa, are responsible for destructions even up to 100 % of orchards in certain zones. The impact of these pests on mango industry is without doubt the most visible given their economic weight (sectors export), other high value-added horticultural products that have a major role in terms of food safety of the households are also affected.
All orchards in West Africa constitutes different species of flies a homogeneous ecosystem. The efficiency of a national fight can be reduced to nothing by the inaction of a neighbouring country. The fight against the proliferation of the harmful and the limitation of the damages which they cause can be obtained only by a program coordinated at a regional level and adapted to the 4 major identified ecological zones. A regional and concerted coordination will result in valuable impact of national actions.
The 5-year project is also to improve the revenue of fruit and vegetable producers; especially the small scale producers, contributing to regional food security and reducing poverty levels. The project supports the regional plan for the fight against and control of fruit flies in West Africa.
The project is made up of 5 components:
To organize the national and regional levels of monitoring the rate of infestation of fruit flies of fruits and release, when required alerts and fast reactions.
Aims at coordinating the regional plan and supporting the actions of the national fight against fruit flies according to three landings:
preventive: by raising awareness of best practices on the whole sub-region
more intensive fight in zones with strong infestation indicated by alerts
complete eradication in more restricted zones, at a high economic risk
National bodies: public and private who intervene or will intervene in monitoring and eradication
Complementary funding of existing research-development programs for operationalizing some improved monitoring and eradication Techniques to facilitate their transfer and their adoption by different groups of actors.
The implementation of the entire project, the actions such as programmes, information, training, evaluation are under this component.
The project coordinator will be selected from the coordination unit. Supporting partners include:
Member States of ECOWAS